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Designer Name: Fernand Gaston Longchamp
Born-Died: 1894– 1986
Style: Fernand Gaston Longchamp was renowned for his impressionist and expressionist artistic style. His paintings also showcased the significant influence of his acquaintances: Picasso, Dufy, and Renoir.
Materials Used: Artworks created by Fernand Gaston Longchamp featured canvas and oil.
Specialty: Fine Art.
History of designer: Fernand Gaston Longchamp was born in America to an artistic Cayuga-Iroquois father and a French mother. He was a famous expressionist and impressionist artist. Due to the U.S. Army's 1890 massacre of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee, Fernand Gaston Longchamp's father decided to move to France where he founded an art studio. Gaston became his father's apprentice in 1904 and gained experience from painting stage sets in theaters.
At the age of 14, Gaston started working with painters in Montmartre. Additionally, he benefitted from acquaintanceships with Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Pierre Bonnard, and more. He even had the opportunity of working with Pablo Picasso to paint stage designs for the Russian Ballet in 1911.
Gaston came to America in the 1920's and worked as a set designer for the Metropolitan Opera, ballets, and theaters. He eventually worked his way up to become America's foremost set designers. At Longchamp's death, he had over 200 paintings in his Kintnersville studio.
An oil on canvas painting of a reclining partially nude woman and two cats in an interior scene. The piece is signed and dated (1931) in the lower right. Fernand Gaston Longchamp was an impressionist and expressionist artist born in America to a French mother and Cayuga-Iroquois father. His family moved to France around the time of Gaston's birth and his father, an artist himself, was acquainted with many prominent artists in Paris such as Renoir, Signac and Seurat. Gaston would eventually apprentice with his father and became familiar with these artists himself. By fourteen he was working with painters in Montmartre and benefited from insights from Raoul Dufy, Georges Braque, Henri Matisse and others. He worked with Picasso painting stage designs for the Russian Ballet in 1911 and with Marc Chagall painting scenes for Stravinsky's Firebird. He briefly attended the Academie des Beaux Arts before returning to America in the 1920s where he would go on to become one of the foremost set designers in the United States. He set up a studio in Kintnersville, Bucks County, Pennsylvania where he worked prolifically until retiring in the 1970s. He passed away in 1986.
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